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Immersion Silver
  —  Imm Ag  — 
(Immersion or Chemical Silver)
Lead-Free PCB´s -The Surface of the Future !

Since July 1st, lead soldering is no longer permitted, and the use of alternative surface refinements for pcb´s has so far provided unsatisfactory results, meaning that the lead-free problem has yet to be resolved. The chemical nickel-gold procedure (Imm NiAu) was unsuccessful due to high costs, as was chemical tin. Both procedures have proven to be very complicated and sensitive in the further course of processing management. Lead-free solderings also have serious disadvantages, as hot air tin surfacing exposes the multi-layers to higher processing temperatures and copper leaching effects. Precoplat Precision Conductive Plates Technology (PCP) would briefly like to explain why chemical silver is the lead-free procedure of the future, and why it will be the focus of our future investments in the field of surface refinement:




  Similarly to chemical tin surfacing, it is a non-electrical, auto-catalytic procedure based on the contrasting electro-negativity of copper and the more “precious” silver. The advantages of this processing manner compared with chemical tin are fewer processing steps and lower rinsing temperatures (30 – 50 C°).

From the printed circuit board manufacturer’s viewpoint, one strong point in favour of the silver procedure is the fact that waste water processing is unproblematic, whereas Imm Ag has had problems with toxic gold chemistry and chemical tin due to the use of thiourea.

  Not only is the chemical silver refinement uncomplicated and reliable, but once the manufacturing parameters have been set they can be dependably utilised for further processing and continued use.

Due to the thin surface layer – a thickness of 0.15 – 0.3 mµ is recommended – the surface of the pad is smoother and therefore there are, even in fine pitch areas, no restrictions when assembling. The silver functions merely as a protection against oxidation, and the actual solder point is between the copper and chemical tin, therefore the solder point is absolutely stable. It fulfills all UL requirements (UL796 specif.) and meets the usual requirements of automobile manufacturers:

SIR 85°C/85%RH 2.46+9 24h Passed >1E+8;IPC-4553
IPC-TM-650 3.15E+9 96h Passed  
SIR 35°C/85%RH 100VDC 3.56E+11 24h Passed >1E+10;IPC-4553 and GR-78 (Bellcore)
IPC-TM-650 4.62E+11 96h Passed  
EM 10V bias, 100V Test, 2.46E+9 24h initial   Resistance no higher than the Power of 10
85°C/85%RH 1.18E+10 504 h (21 days) Passed Dendrites not Identified
IPC-TM-650 Dendrites not Identified Passed IPC-4553 and J-STD-004
Ianic (static method) Typically 0.07 - 0.48 µg/cm² Passed <1.56 µg/cm² Equivalent NaCL
IPC-TM-650 of Equivalent NaCL   IPC-4553 and J-STD-001 Part 8.3.6

  The soldering effectiveness is excellent, allowing multi-fittings with wave soldering and re-flow procedures because silver is an effective diffusion barrier to the copper below. The procedure is also suitable for pressing techniques. Due to the “soft” processing methods, there is no need for any subsequent solder stop degradation, thereby avoiding unpleasant surprises when fitting.

Manufacturers give a 12 month (minimum) storage guarantee but the conditions for perfect storage should be noted (< 35 C° and < 85% humidity). Under these conditions a longer storage period is also possible. In case of any subsequent soldering difficulties, it is possible to repeat the silver processing.

| Precoplat Präzisions-Leiterplatten-Technik GmbH resident in 47877 Willich-Germany |
| Registered at the Krefeld District Court | Registration No. HRB 1444 | VAT-ID-No.: DE 120 156 920 |
| Management: Hildegard Völker & Andreas Brüggen | Post Address: 47805 Krefeld, Oberdiessemer Strasse 15 |
| Telephone: ++49 (0) 21 51 825 1 | Telefax: ++49 (0)21 51 932 450 | eMail: |

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Monday, April 22, 2019